For a number of reasons, not all companies at the top of Environmental, Social and Governance (ESG) rankings are affecting as much positive impact in the world as one might expect, nor are all bottom-line focused companies bad actors with regards to their environmental, social or governance behaviors.

Equity and bond markets can’t agree on one basic question this year: is the economy headed toward recession or not? US equities, which were up more than 20% through the end of Q3, seem to be brushing off signals that the economy may be slowing while bonds, up more than 8% (corporate bonds more than twice that) through the same period – far better than their stellar performance during the 2008 credit crisis – seem to be pricing in a sharp recession.

Divestment has been a long-standing approach to influencing companies to be more socially and environmentally responsible.

For the past forty years or so, CEOs in America have said they had a fiduciary duty to shareholders to maximize profits.

The current economic expansion entered its 11th year in July (the longest in recorded history) and there are currently enough early warning indicators of recession to justify a quick look at what that means for markets and your portfolio. What is a recession and why do they happen?

After the brutal flogging the market took late last year, few expected such a strong start to 2019, with world equity returns registering one of the best first halves in more than 20 years. Also notable, however, was the backdrop of deteriorating economic growth and softening earnings data during the period.

Research has demonstrated the value of gender diversity in corporate leadership roles, namely as it relates to improved financial performance. Even though women comprise fifty percent of the global working-age population and have educational attainment comparable to men, they have significantly lower labor market participation rates than men.

As we discussed in our last letter, the sudden plunge in equity markets in Q4 seemed to be at odds with the solid economic fundamentals in the US at the time. Since then, the soft patch in data we witnessed in January and February – data that seemed to confirm the recessionista’s worst fears - has turned out to be a passing phenomenon, largely attributable to severe winter weather and the prolonged government shutdown. The soft data have been replaced by robust economic numbers in retail sales, employment, industrial production, and wage growth, while inflation remains tame.

When the market plunges, investors immediately begin searching for a new narrative to replace the old one. In Q4, the narrative of solid economic growth and earnings, low inflation, a robust job market and improving wages quickly gave way to one of too much Fed tightening, slowing global growth, escalating trade frictions with China, a strong dollar, stretched valuations and an impending recession. All off this in the course of less than one week. This sudden change in storyline belies the fact that large, open economies – unlike financial markets - simply don’t roll over that quickly.

•Volatility in early October is more likely the result of high valuations and tightening financial conditions, not necessarily a flattening yield curve •Trade tensions with China are compounding valuation anxiety

The spat between the US and Turkey is currently roiling various markets, with the greatest impact being felt by other emerging market economies. While there are fundamental reasons to be

If you’re wondering what is driving markets right now you’re not alone. 2018 has been characterized by a lot of noise and the pace of today’s news cycle makes it seemingly impossible for markets to fully digest current events before new ones crowd out yesterday’s news.

For most of the history of impact investing, equities have dominated the conversation. There simply hasn’t been enough of a bond market driven by environmental, social and governance (ESG) factors

One serious issue that has plagued investing using environmental, social and governance (ESG) inputs is the lack of quality data and measurement tools. Investors naturally want sustainability performance data that

While it’s not fair to say that this is where it all began, it is hard to find a piece of research or marketing that doesn’t reference the UN’s Sustainable

A comprehensive review of more than 200 academic studies, industry reports and books on the subject of environmental, social and governance factors in investing shows specifically how corporate sustainability practices

AQR is generally known as a hard-nosed investment management firm largely focused on quantitative analysis and is best known as an early adopter of factor investing. So, it was a

Authors Whelan and Find dispel the notion that integrating environmental, social, and governance (ESG) issues into corporate business strategy costs more than it’s worth. Citing data and numerous case studies,

See also “Fiduciary Duty in the 21st Century” UNPRI Report. The CFA Institute has joined a growing chorus of voices calling for environmental, social and governance (ESG) issues to be

As the data tells us today, interest rate risk has bled across asset classes in a way that resembles how credit began to dominate asset prices in 2007.  The biggest